AP Free Response Question
1999 B3
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A rectangular conducting loop of width
w
, height
h
, and resistance
R
is mounted vertically on a non-conducting cart as shown above. The cart is placed on the inclined portion of a track and released from rest at position P
_{1}
at a height
y
_{o}
above the horizontal portion of the track. It rolls with negligible friction down the incline and through a uniform magnetic field
B
in the region above the horizontal portion of the track.
The conducting loop is in the plane of the page, and the magnetic field is directed into the page. The loop passes completely through the field with a negligible change in speed.
Express your answers in terms of the given quantities and fundamental constants.
(a) Determine the speed of the cart when it reaches the horizontal portion of the track.
(b) Determine the following for the time at which the cart is at position P
_{2}
with one-third of the loop in the magnetic field.
i. The magnitude of the emf induced in the conducting loop
ii. The magnitude of the current induced in the conducting loop
(c) On the following diagram of the conducting loop, indicate the direction of the current when it is at position P
_{2.}
_{ }
(d) i. Using the axes below, sketch a graph of the magnitude of the magnetic flux Φ through the loop as a function of the horizontal distance x traveled by the cart, letting x = 0 be the position at which the front edge of the loop just enters the field. Label appropriate values on the vertical axis.
(d) ii. Using the axes below, sketch a graph of the current induced in the loop as a function of the horizontal distance x traveled by the cart, letting x = 0 be the position at which the front edge of the loop just enters the field. Let counterclockwise current be positive and label appropriate values on the vertical axis.
Topic Formulas
Description
Published Formula
capacitors in parallel
capacitors in series
elastic potential energy
electric current
Faraday's Law
Joule's Law
kinetic energy
magnetic field around a current-carrying wire
magnetic flux
magnetic force on a current-carrying wire
magnetic force on a moving charge
motional emf
Ohm's Law
potential energy
power
power
resistance in parallel
resistance in series
resistivity
work
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