
1 Which is a vector quantity?
(1) distance
(2) speed
(3) power
(4) force


2 The diagram below shows a granite block being slid at constant speed across a
horizontal concrete floor by a force parallel to the floor. Which pair of quantities
could be used to determine the coefficient of friction for the granite on the concrete?
(1) mass and speed of the block
(2) mass and normal force on the block
(3) frictional force and speed of the block
(4) frictional force and normal force on the block


3 An object with an initial speed of 4.0 meters per second accelerates uniformly
at 2.0 meters per second^{2} in the direction of its motion for a
distance of 5.0 meters. What is the final speed of the object?
(1) 6.0 m/s
(2) 10. m/s
(3) 14 m/s
(4) 36 m/s


4 After a model rocket reached its maximum height, it then took 5.0 seconds
to return to the launch site. What is the approximate maximum height reached by
the rocket? [Neglect air resistance.]
(1) 49 m
(2) 98 m
(3) 120 m
(4) 250 m


5 The diagram below shows a student throwing a baseball horizontally at 25 meters
per second from a cliff 45 meters above the level ground. Approximately how far
from the base of the cliff does the ball hit the ground? [Neglect air resistance.]
(1) 45 m
(2) 75 m
(3) 140 m
(4) 230 m


6 A projectile is fired from a gun near the surface of Earth. The initial velocity
of the projectile has a vertical component of 98 meters per second and a horizontal
component of 49 meters per second. How long will it take the projectile to reach
the highest point in its path?
(1) 5.0 s
(2) 10. s
(3) 20. s
(4) 100. s


7 A 70.kilogram astronaut has a weight of 560 newtons on the surface of
planet Alpha. What is the acceleration due to gravity on planet Alpha?
(1) 0.0 m/s^{2}
(2) 8.0 m/s^{2}
(3) 9.8 m/s^{2}
(4) 80. m/s^{2}

Base your answers to questions 8 and 9 on the diagram and information below.
The diagram shows a student seated on a rotating circular platform, holding a 2.0kilogram
block with a spring scale. The block is 1.2 meters from the center of the
platform. The block has a constant speed of 8. 0 meters per second. [Frictional
forces on the block are negligible.]


8 Which statement best describes the block’s movement as the platform rotates?
(1) Its velocity is directed tangent to the circular path, with an inward acceleration.
(2) Its velocity is directed tangent to the circular path, with an outward acceleration.
(3) Its velocity is directed perpendicular to the circular path, with an inward
acceleration.
(4) Its velocity is directed perpendicular to the circular path, with an outward
acceleration.


9 The reading on the spring scale is approximately
(1) 20. N
(2) 53 N
(3) 110 N
(4) 130 N


10 The diagram below shows a horizontal 8.0newton force applied to a 4.0kilogram
block on a frictionless table. What is the magnitude of the block’s acceleration?
(1) 0.50 m/s^{2}
(2) 2.0 m/s^{2}
(3) 9.8 m/s^{2}
(4) 32 m/s^{2}


11 A 0.10kilogram model rocket’s engine is designed to deliver an
impulse of 6.0 newtonseconds. If the rocket engine burns for 0.75
second, what average force does it produce?
(1) 4.5 N
(2) 8.0 N
(3) 45 N
(4) 80. N

Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the information and diagram below.
The diagram shows a compressed spring between two carts initially at rest on a horizontal
frictionless surface. Cart A has a mass of 2 kilograms and cart B has a mass of
1 kilogram. A string holds the carts together.


12 What occurs when the string is cut and the carts move apart?
(1) The magnitude of the acceleration of cart A is onehalf the magnitude of the
acceleration of cart B.
(2) The length of time that the force acts on cart A is twice the length of time
the force acts on cart B.
(3) The magnitude of the force exerted on cart A is onehalf the magnitude of the
force exerted on cart B.
(4) The magnitude of the impulse applied to cart A is twice the magnitude of the
impulse applied to cart B.


13 After the string is cut and the two carts move apart, the magnitude of which
quantity is the same for both carts?
(1) momentum
(2) velocity
(3) inertia
(4) kinetic energy


14 An object moving at a constant speed of 25 meters per second possesses 450 joules
of kinetic energy. What is the object’s mass?
(1) 0.72 kg
(2) 1.4 kg
(3) 18 kg
(4) 36 kg


15 The diagram below shows a moving, 5.00kilogram cart at the foot of a
hill 10.0 meters high. For the cart to reach the top of the hill, what is
the minimum kinetic energy of the cart in the position shown? [Neglect energy loss
due to friction.]
(1) 4.91 J
(2) 50.0 J
(3) 250. J
(4) 491 J


16 A constant force of 1900 newtons is required to keep an automobile having a mass
of 1.0 × 10^{3} kilograms moving at a constant speed of 20.
meters per second. The work done in moving the automobile a distance of 2.0
× 10^{3} meters is
(1) 2.0 × 10^{4}J
(2) 3.8 × 10^{4}J
(3) 2.0 × 10^{6} J
(4) 3.8 × 10^{6} J


17 The energy required to move one elementary charge through a potential difference
of 5.0 volts is
(1) 8.0 J
(2) 5.0 J
(3) 8.0 × 10^{–19} J
(4) 1.6 × 10^{–19} J


18 The diagram below shows two identical metal spheres, A and B, on insulated stands.
Each sphere possesses a net charge of – 3 × 10^{–6} coulomb.
If the spheres are brought into contact with each other and then separated, the
charge on sphere A will be
(1) 0 C
(2) +3 × 10^{–6 }C
(3) –3 × 10^{–6} C
(4) –6 × 10^{–6} C


19 In a vacuum, light with a frequency of 5.0 × 10^{14} hertz has
a wavelength of
(1) 6.0 × 10^{–21} m
(2) 6.0 × 10^{–7} m
(3) 1.7 × 10^{6} m
(4) 1.5 × 10^{23} m


20 In the diagram below, 400. joules of work is done raising a 72newton
weight a vertical distance of 5.0 meters. How much work is done to overcome
friction as the weight is raised?
(1) 40. J
(2) 360 J
(3) 400. J
(4) 760 J
