Practice Problems
Impulse vs Work
Directions:
On this worksheet you will examine the properties of force vs time (impulse) and force vs distance (work) as they apply to two objects of different masses.
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Question 1
Two masses, 3 kg and 8 kg, initially at rest, are both pushed by equal forces through the same distance across identical frictionless surfaces. Which mass would experience the greater acceleration?
3 kg
both masses experience the same acceleration
8 kg
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Question 2
Which mass has the greater final velocity?
8 kg
3 kg
both masses experience the same increase in velocity
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Question 3
Which mass gained the greater amount of kinetic energy?
3 kg
both masses gain the same amount of kinetic energy
8 kg
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Question 4
Which mass received the greater impulse?
both masses require the same amount of time to reach the end
8 kg
3 kg
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Question 5
If each mass was pushed by a 37-N force through a distance of 58 meters, what is the ratio of the change in momentum of the 3-kg mass to that of the 8-kg mass?
1:1
1.63:1
0.61:1
0.38:1
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Question 6
What is the final velocity of the 3-kg mass?
12.3 m/sec
4.6 m/sec
23.2 m/sec
37.8 m/sec
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Question 7
How much time was required for the 8-kg mass to travel the entire 58 meters?
2.50 sec
5.01 sec
3.07 sec
1.53 sec
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Question 8
Which formula correctly relates an object's kinetic energy and its momentum?
KE = ½(p
^{2}
/m)
KE = ½(p
^{2}
/v)
KE = 2m/p
^{2}
KE = 2v/p
^{2}
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Question 9
Regardless of which mass is being examined, which graph will always has the greater area?
Force vs Time
neither is always larger
Force vs Distance
both are always equal
PhysicsLAB
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