Practice Problems
Impulse vs Work
Directions:
On this worksheet you will examine the properties of force vs time (impulse) and force vs distance (work) as they apply to two objects of different masses.
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Question 1
Two masses, 2 kg and 6 kg, initially at rest, are both pushed by equal forces through the same distance across identical frictionless surfaces. Which mass would experience the greater acceleration?
2 kg
6 kg
both masses experience the same acceleration
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Question 2
Which mass has the greater final velocity?
6 kg
both masses experience the same increase in velocity
2 kg
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Question 3
Which mass gained the greater amount of kinetic energy?
6 kg
both masses gain the same amount of kinetic energy
2 kg
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Question 4
Which mass received the greater impulse?
6 kg
2 kg
both masses require the same amount of time to reach the end
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Question 5
If each mass was pushed by a 40-N force through a distance of 72 meters, what is the ratio of the change in momentum of the 2-kg mass to that of the 6-kg mass?
1:1
1.73:1
0.58:1
0.33:1
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Question 6
What is the final velocity of the 2-kg mass?
20.0 m/sec
31.0 m/sec
6.7 m/sec
53.7 m/sec
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Question 7
How much time was required for the 6-kg mass to travel the entire 72 meters?
1.34 sec
2.32 sec
4.65 sec
2.68 sec
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Question 8
Which formula correctly relates an object's kinetic energy and its momentum?
KE = ½(p
^{2}
/m)
KE = ½(p
^{2}
/v)
KE = 2v/p
^{2}
KE = 2m/p
^{2}
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Question 9
Regardless of which mass is being examined, which graph will always has the greater area?
Force vs Time
both are always equal
Force vs Distance
neither is always larger
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