Practice Problems
Heat Transfer Methods
Directions:
On this worksheet you will investigate properties of
the three heat transfer methods
.
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Question 1
Which method of heat transfer involves actual particles circulating from one region to another?
convection
radiation
conduction
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Question 2
Which heat transfer method can take place without a medium, that is, in a vacuum?
radiation
convection
conduction
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Question 3
Newton's Law of Cooling allows us to calculate the rate at which the temperature difference between a hot object and the ambient room temperature changes with the passage of time. T
_{diff}
= T
_{o}
e
^{-kt}
. At time t = 0, the original temperature difference between a hot solid and the ambient room temperature is 52 ºC. If the temperature difference drops to half that value in 17.9 seconds, what is the value of the decay constant, k?
0.0387 per second
0.0559 per second
0.0288 per second
0.0258 per second
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Question 4
At what time will the temperature difference equal 9.4ºC?
66.4 sec
28.9 sec
26.9 sec
44.3 sec
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Question 5
An incandescent black body has a peak wavelength of 493 nm when its temperature is 5882 Kelvin. What would be the temperature of a second blackbody radiator that has a peak wavelength of 330.31 nm?
9570 Kelvin
8780 Kelvin
6045 Kelvin
3941 Kelvin
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Question 6
Compare the rate at which energy is given off by the second black body in Question #5 which has a peak wavelength of 330.31 nm to the first black body which has a peak wavelength of 493 nm.
2.2 : 1
1.1 : 1
1.5 : 1
5.0 : 1
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Question 7
If two other incandescent solids are at the same temperature, but one has a surface area that is 6 times greater, how would the radiant power of the larger black body compare to the rate at which energy is emitted by the smaller black body?
it would be 1.57 times smaller
it would be 36 times greater
it would be 6 times greater
it would be 1296 times greater
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Question 8
One end of a 52-cm copper rod (
a
= 385 W/mK) is placed in 100 grams of cold water at a temperature of 3.58 ºC. The other end is placed in the flame of a bunsen burner at a temperature of 994 ºC. If the rod has a radius of 0.6 cm, then what is the initial rate at which heat is conducted along the rod?
76.2 J/sec
21.5 J/sec
27.6 J/sec
82.9 J/sec
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Question 9
If a second copper rod has the same length as the rod in Question #8 but has a radius of 0.108 cm, how would the rate of conductivity be changed?
it would increase by a factor of 6
it would decease by a factor of 0.180
it would decease by a factor of 0.0324
it would not change
it would increase by a factor of 31
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Question 10
If a third copper rod has the same radius as the rod in Question #8, but a length of 72.80 cm, how would the rate of conductivity be changed?
it would be 40% as great
it would be 2.5% as great
it would be 60% as great
it would be 16.0% as great
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Question 11
A 350 watt immersion heater is used to heat a cup of water containing 205 grams of water and a piece of ice. The cup is made of styrofoam which is an insulator and does not give up or receive heat. If it takes 3.17 minutes for the heater to bring the contents of the cup from 0ºC to 65ºC, how much ice was originally present? Here are some constants: c
_{ice}
= 2093 J/kgºC, c
_{water}
=4186 J/kgºC, L
_{f}
= 334 kJ/kg
50.4 grams
39.9 grams
17.9 grams
28.4 grams
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