CP Workbook
Transformers
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Refer to the following information for the next seven questions.
Consider a simple transformer that has a 100-turn primary coil and a 1000-turn secondary coil. The primary is connected to a 120-V AC source and the secondary is connected to an electrical device with a resistance of 1000 ohms.
What will be the voltage output of the secondary?
What current flows in the secondary circuit?
Now that you know the voltage and the current, what is the power in the secondary coil?
Neglecting small heating losses, and knowing that energy is conserved, what is the power in the primary coil?
Now that you know the power and the voltage across the primary coil, what is the current drawn by the primary coil?
These results show that the voltage was stepped
up
down
from primary to secondary, and that the current was correspondingly stepped
up
down
For a step-up transformer, there are ____ turns in the secondary coil than the primary.
more
fewer
For such a transformer, there is ___ current in the secondary than in the primary.
more
less
A transformer can step up
voltage
energy and power
but in no way can it step up
voltage
energy and power
If 120 V is used to power a toy electric train that operates on 6 V, then a
step up
step down
transformer should be used that has a primary to secondary turns ratio of
1:20
20:1
A transformer operates on
AC
DC
because the magnetic field within the iron core must
be continually changing
remains steady
Related Documents
Lab:
Labs -
Telegraph Project
Resource Lesson:
RL -
A Comparison of RC and RL Circuits
RL -
A Special Case of Induction
RL -
Eddy Currents plus a Lab Simulation
RL -
Electricity and Magnetism Background
RL -
Generators, Motors, Transformers
RL -
Induced Electric Fields
RL -
Induced EMF
RL -
Inductors
RL -
LC Circuit
RL -
Maxwell's Equations
RL -
Motional EMF
RL -
RL Circuits
Review:
REV -
Drill: Induction
Worksheet:
CP -
Induction
CP -
Power Transmission
NT -
Induction Coils
WS -
Induced emf
WS -
Practice with Induced Currents (Changing Areas)
WS -
Practice with Induced Currents (Constant Area)
Paul G. Hewitt
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