PhysicsLAB AAPT Quiz
1995 Physics Olympiad Screening Test (Part 2)

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16. Which of the accompanying PV diagrams best represents an isothermal (constant temperature) process?
17. If the heat is added at constant volume, 6300 joules of heat are required to raise the temperature of an ideal gas by 150 K. If instead, the heat is added at constant pressure, 8800 joules are needed for the same temperature change. When the temperature of the gas changes by 150 K, the internal energy of the gas changes by:
18. A firecracker exploding on the surface of a lake is heard as two sounds – a time interval t apart – by the paddler of a nearby canoe. Sound travels with a speed u in water and a speed v in air. The distance from the exploding firecracker to the canoe is:
19. Two interfering waves have the same wavelength, frequency, and amplitude. They are traveling in the same direction but are 90º out of phase. Compared to the individual waves, the resultant wave will have the same:

20. An organ pipe which is open at both ends resonates with fundamental frequency 300 Hz. If one end of the pipe is closed, it will resonate with a fundamental frequency of:
21. You are given two lenses, a converging lens with focal length + 10 cm and a diverging lens with focal length - 20 cm. Which of the following would produce a virtual image that is larger than the object?

22. Light shining through two very narrow slits produces an interference maximum at point P when the entire apparatus is in air (see accompanying figure).

For the interference maximum represented, light through the bottom slit travels one wavelength further than light through the top slit before reaching point P. If the entire apparatus is immersed in water, the angle θ to the interference maximum:

23. The magnitude of the field due to an infinite plate of charge is σ/(2εo), where σ is the charge per unit area and εo is the vacuum permittivity. The figure below depicts three infinite plates of perpendicular to the plane of the page with charge per unit area +σ1, +2σ1, and -σ1.
The total field at the point labeled X is:
24. There are three conducting spheres of  identical diameter, shown below.

Spheres 1 and 2 are separated by a distance that is large compared to their diameter. They have equal charges and repel each other with an electrostatic force F. Sphere 3 is initially uncharged and has an insulated handle. It is touched first to sphere 1, then to sphere 2, and then removed. If the distance between spheres 1 and 2 has not changed, the force between these two spheres is:
25. Two conducting spheres, A of radius a and B of radius b, are shown in the accompanying figure.

Both are positively charged and isolated from their surroundings. They had been connected by a conducting wire but the wire has been removed. Assuming the potential an infinite distance away is zero, which of the following statements about the spheres are true:
  1. Sphere A is at the higher potential.
  2. Sphere B is at the higher potential.
  3. Both spheres have the same potential.
  4. Sphere A has the larger charge.
  5. Sphere B has the larger charge.
  6. Both spheres have the same charge.
26. The accompanying figure shows two concentric spherical shells isolated from each other.

The smaller shell has radius b and net charge +q. The larger shell has radius B and net charge +Q. Assume that the potential is zero at an infinite distance from the shells. If R is the distance from the common center, the highest electric potential V occurs:

27. In the circuit represented below,

the current I equals:
Refer to the following information for the next two questions.

L1, L2, L3, and L4 are identical light bulbs. There are six voltmeters connected to the circuit as shown. Assume that the voltmeters do not effect the circuit.
28. Which of the following combinations are equal to Vo?
29. If L3 were to burn out, opening the circuit, which voltmeter(s) would read zero volts?

30. Identical currents flow in two perpendicular wires, as shown in the accompanying figure. The wires are very close but do not touch.

The magnetic field can be zero:


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