PhysicsLAB AAPT Quiz
2007 Physics Quiz Bowl (Part 1)

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1. A standard centimeter ruler is shown.
 
 
Which recorded value is the most correct for the location of the shaded object’s right end?
 
2. How thick is the average page of a physics textbook in micrometers?
 
3. Two automobiles are 150 kilometers apart and traveling toward each other. One automobile is moving at 60 km/h and the other is moving at 40 km/h. In how many hours will they meet?
 
4. A particle moves on the x-axis. When the particle’s acceleration is positive and increasing




 
5. The position-time, y vs. t, graph for the motion of an object is shown.
 
 
What would be a reasonable equation for the acceleration a that would account for this motion?




 
6. A 500-kg car is moving at 28 m/s. The driver sees a barrier ahead. If the car takes 95 meters to come to rest, what is the magnitude of the minimum average net force necessary to stop?
 
7. A mass connected to a string swings back and forth as a pendulum with snapshots of the motion seen in the figure. Ignore the friction in the system.
 
Which of the following statements about the pendulum-Earth system is correct?




 
8. What does one obtain by dividing the distance 12 Mm by the time 4 Ts?
 
9. A block rests on an incline that makes the angle Φ with the horizontal. The block remains at rest as Φ is slowly increased. The magnitudes of the normal force and the static frictional force of the incline on the block




 
10. Contact forces are examples of which of the fundamental forces?
 
11. A cart is initially moving at 0.5 m/s along a track. The cart comes to rest after traveling 1 m. The experiment is repeated on the same track, but now the cart is initially moving at 1 m/s. How far does the cart travel before coming to rest?
 
12. The definition of average velocity is




 
13. A student weighing 500 N stands on a bathroom scale in the school’s elevator. When the scale reads 520 N, the elevator must be




 
14. An object moves to the East across a frictionless surface with constant speed. A person then applies a constant force to the North on the object. What is the resulting path that the object takes?




 
Refer to the following information for the next two questions.

Two identical mass objects are launched with the same speed from the same starting location. Object 1 is launched at an angle of 30º above the horizontal while Object 2 is launched at an angle of 60º above the horizontal. Ignore air resistance and consider the flight of each object from launch until it returns to the same launch height above the ground.
15. Which object returns to the starting height with the greatest speed?




 
16. Which object experiences the greatest change in the linear momentum?




 
17. A toy car moves along the x-axis according to the velocity versus time curve shown below.
 
 
When does the car have zero acceleration?




 
18. In which one of the following situations is the net force constantly zero on the object?




 
19. What net force is necessary to keep a 1.0 kg puck moving in a circle of radius 0.5 m on a horizontal frictionless surface with a speed of 2.0 m/s?
 
20. A large wedge rests on a horizontal frictionless surface, as shown. A block starts from rest and slides down the inclined surface of the wedge, which is rough.
 
 
During the motion of the block, the center of mass of the block and wedge system




 
21. A box slides to the right across a horizontal floor. A person called Ted exerts a force T to the right on the box. A person called Mario exerts a force M to the left, which is half as large as the force T. Given that there is friction and the box accelerates to the right, rank the sizes of these three forces exerted on the box.
 
22. A mass m is pulled outward until the string of length L to which it is attached makes a 90-degree angle with the vertical. The mass is released from rest and swings through a circular arc. What is the tension in the string when the mass swings through the bottom of the arc?
 
23. The period of a mass-spring system undergoing simple harmonic oscillation is T. If the amplitude of the mass-spring system’s motion is doubled, the period will be
 
24. A resonance occurs with a tuning fork and an air column of size 39 cm. The next highest resonance occurs with an air column of 65 cm.
 
 
What is the frequency of the tuning fork? Assume that the speed of sound is 343 m/s.
 
25. If two protons are spaced by a distance R, what is the ratio of the gravitational force that one proton exerts on the other to the electric force that one proton exerts on the other? That is, Fgravity /Felectric equals approximately
 



 
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