AP Free Response Question
2010 B4
Printer Friendly Version
A locomotive runs on a steam engine with a power output of 4.5 x 10
^{6}
W and an efficiency of 12 percent.
(a) Calculate the rate at which heat is being delivered to the steam engine.
(b) Calculate the magnitude of the resistive forces acting on the locomotive when it is moving with a constant speed of 7.0 m/sec.
Suppose the gas in another heat engine follows the simplified path ABCDA in the PV diagram below at a rate of 4 cycles per second.
(c) i. What does the area bounded by path ABCDA represent?
(c) ii. Calculate the power output of the engine.
(d) Indicate below all of the processes during which heat is added to the gas in the heat engine.
Topic Formulas
Description
Published Formula
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Carnot efficiency
efficiency of a heat cycle
elastic potential energy
friction
gravitational potential energy
Hooke's Law
Ideal Gas Law
internal energy of a confined gas
kinetic energy
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Newton's 2nd Law
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
potential energy
power
power
pressure
root-mean-square speed
specific heat of a confined gas
work
work done by a confined gas
Related Documents
Lab:
Labs -
A Battering Ram
Labs -
A Photoelectric Effect Analogy
Labs -
A Sample Heat Engine
Labs -
Air Track Collisions
Labs -
Ballistic Pendulum
Labs -
Ballistic Pendulum: Muzzle Velocity
Labs -
Bouncing Steel Spheres
Labs -
Boyle's Law
Labs -
Coefficient of Friction
Labs -
Coefficient of Friction
Labs -
Coefficient of Kinetic Friction (pulley, incline, block)
Labs -
Collision Pendulum: Muzzle Velocity
Labs -
Conservation of Energy and Vertical Circles
Labs -
Conservation of Momentum in Two-Dimensions
Labs -
Falling Coffee Filters
Labs -
Force Table - Force Vectors in Equilibrium
Labs -
Inelastic Collision - Velocity of a Softball
Labs -
Inertial Mass
Labs -
LabPro: Newton's 2nd Law
Labs -
Loop-the-Loop
Labs -
Mass of a Rolling Cart
Labs -
Moment of Inertia of a Bicycle Wheel
Labs -
Ramps: Sliding vs Rolling
Labs -
Relationship Between Tension in a String and Wave Speed
Labs -
Relationship Between Tension in a String and Wave Speed Along the String
Labs -
Roller Coaster, Projectile Motion, and Energy
Labs -
Rotational Inertia
Labs -
Rube Goldberg Challenge
Labs -
Spring Carts
Labs -
Static Equilibrium Lab
Labs -
Static Springs: Hooke's Law
Labs -
Static Springs: Hooke's Law
Labs -
Static Springs: LabPro Data for Hooke's Law
Labs -
Target Lab: Ball Bearing Rolling Down an Inclined Plane
Labs -
Terminal Velocity
Labs -
Video LAB: A Gravitron
Labs -
Video LAB: Ball Re-Bounding From a Wall
Labs -
Video Lab: Blowdart Colliding with Cart
Labs -
Video LAB: Circular Motion
Labs -
Video Lab: Falling Coffee Filters
Labs -
Video Lab: M&M Collides with Pop Can
Labs -
Video Lab: Marble Collides with Ballistic Pendulum
Resource Lesson:
RL -
2nd Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy
RL -
Advanced Gravitational Forces
RL -
Air Resistance
RL -
Air Resistance: Terminal Velocity
RL -
APC: Work Notation
RL -
Conservation of Energy and Springs
RL -
Energy Conservation in Simple Pendulums
RL -
Forces Acting at an Angle
RL -
Freebody Diagrams
RL -
Gravitational Energy Wells
RL -
Heat Cycles
RL -
Ideal Gases
RL -
Inclined Planes
RL -
Inertial vs Gravitational Mass
RL -
Kinetic Theory of Gases
RL -
Mechanical Energy
RL -
Momentum and Energy
RL -
Newton's Laws of Motion
RL -
Non-constant Resistance Forces
RL -
Potential Energy Functions
RL -
Principal of Least Action
RL -
Properties of Friction
RL -
Rotational Dynamics: Pivoting Rods
RL -
Rotational Kinetic Energy
RL -
Springs and Blocks
RL -
Springs: Hooke's Law
RL -
State Variables
RL -
Static Equilibrium
RL -
Symmetries in Physics
RL -
Systems of Bodies
RL -
Tension Cases: Four Special Situations
RL -
The Law of Universal Gravitation
RL -
Thermodynamic Processes
RL -
Universal Gravitation and Satellites
RL -
Universal Gravitation and Weight
RL -
What is Mass?
RL -
Work
RL -
Work and Energy
Worksheet:
APP -
Big Fist
APP -
Family Reunion
APP -
The Antelope
APP -
The Box Seat
APP -
The Jogger
APP -
The Pepsi Challenge
APP -
The Pet Rock
APP -
The Pool Game
CP -
Action-Reaction #1
CP -
Action-Reaction #2
CP -
Conservation of Energy
CP -
Equilibrium on an Inclined Plane
CP -
Falling and Air Resistance
CP -
Force and Acceleration
CP -
Force and Weight
CP -
Force Vectors and the Parallelogram Rule
CP -
Freebody Diagrams
CP -
Gases
CP -
Gravitational Interactions
CP -
Incline Places: Force Vector Resultants
CP -
Incline Planes - Force Vector Components
CP -
Inertia
CP -
Mobiles: Rotational Equilibrium
CP -
Momentum and Energy
CP -
Momentum and Kinetic Energy
CP -
Net Force
CP -
Newton's Law of Motion: Friction
CP -
Power Production
CP -
Satellites: Circular and Elliptical
CP -
Static Equilibrium
CP -
Tensions and Equilibrium
CP -
Thermodynamics
CP -
Work and Energy
NT -
Acceleration
NT -
Air Resistance #1
NT -
An Apple on a Table
NT -
Apex #1
NT -
Apex #2
NT -
Cliffs
NT -
Elliptical Orbits
NT -
Escape Velocity
NT -
Falling Rock
NT -
Falling Spheres
NT -
Friction
NT -
Frictionless Pulley
NT -
Gravitation #1
NT -
Gravitation #2
NT -
Head-on Collisions #1
NT -
Head-on Collisions #2
NT -
Ice Boat
NT -
Ramps
NT -
Rotating Disk
NT -
Sailboats #1
NT -
Sailboats #2
NT -
Satellite Positions
NT -
Scale Reading
NT -
Settling
NT -
Skidding Distances
NT -
Spiral Tube
NT -
Tensile Strength
NT -
Terminal Velocity
NT -
Tug of War #1
NT -
Tug of War #2
NT -
Two-block Systems
WS -
Advanced Properties of Freely Falling Bodies #1
WS -
Advanced Properties of Freely Falling Bodies #2
WS -
Advanced Properties of Freely Falling Bodies #3
WS -
Calculating Force Components
WS -
Charged Projectiles in Uniform Electric Fields
WS -
Combining Kinematics and Dynamics
WS -
Distinguishing 2nd and 3rd Law Forces
WS -
Energy Methods: More Practice with Projectiles
WS -
Energy Methods: Projectiles
WS -
Energy/Work Vocabulary
WS -
Force vs Displacement Graphs
WS -
Freebody Diagrams #1
WS -
Freebody Diagrams #2
WS -
Freebody Diagrams #3
WS -
Freebody Diagrams #4
WS -
Gas Calculations
WS -
Heat Cycles
WS -
Ideal Gases
WS -
Introduction to Springs
WS -
Kinematics Along With Work/Energy
WS -
Lab Discussion: Gravitational Field Strength and the Acceleration Due to Gravity
WS -
Lab Discussion: Inertial and Gravitational Mass
WS -
net F = ma
WS -
Potential Energy Functions
WS -
Practice: Momentum and Energy #1
WS -
Practice: Momentum and Energy #2
WS -
Practice: Vertical Circular Motion
WS -
Ropes and Pulleys in Static Equilibrium
WS -
Rotational Kinetic Energy
WS -
Standard Model: Particles and Forces
WS -
Static Springs: The Basics
WS -
Vocabulary for Newton's Laws
WS -
Work and Energy Practice: An Assortment of Situations
WS -
Work and Energy Practice: Forces at Angles
TB -
Systems of Bodies (including pulleys)
TB -
Work, Power, Kinetic Energy
CB-ETS
Copyright © 1970-2023
All rights reserved.
Used with
permission
Mainland High School
Daytona Beach, FL 32114